Saint-Emilion has its origin in the Gallo-Roman era. The soils of the Saint-Emilion appellation rest on the renowned limestone plateau and consist of a mixture of gravel and sand from the top of the hill, the slopes, the foot of the hill and to the plain. Due to the unique qualities of these soils, there are three grape varieties planted in the Saint-Emilion appellation and all reinforce a reputation that is second to none. The dominant Merlot variety, known locally as "Bouchet" brings red and black berry aromas, roundness and opulence. Cabernet Franc gives finesse and elegance and Cabernet Sauvignon, which plays a minor role, contributes to longevity.