The second largest island in the Mediterranean, Sardinia offers a land more than conducive to viticulture. Located west of Italy and south of Corsica, this island is the southern limit of European viticulture. With only one designation at the highest hierarchical level (controlled and guaranteed designation of origin) with the DOCG Vermentino de Garulla, located in the north of the island, Sardinia has no fewer than 33 appellations. Only a small area of the island is used for viticulture. The selection of plots in the 80s was intended to choose the best terroirs to be able to produce wines of superb quality.
The history of the Sardinian vineyard goes back to Antiquity. From the Bronze Age, the Sardinians cultivated the vine. The discovery of amphoras and a press called Monte Zara, dating from the time of the Nuragic civilizations, bear witness to Sardinian know-how in terms of winemaking and oenology.
On the landscape side, Sardinia encapsulates the Mediterranean. The island is made of hills and dry plains alternating with white stone plains and coastal cliffs revealing their limestone strata. This landscape swept by the Mediterranean winds offers the vine a prosperous space thanks to its maritime and mild climate. Hot and dry summers are tempered by mild winters. The vineyards are mainly located in the west of the island while that of Gallura is in the north. A veritable mosaic of terroirs, the soils of Sardinia are made of granite, limestone and sandstone with mineral clays.
Rouges, blancs ou rosés, les vins sardes sont robustes et structurés. Les rouges comme les IGT Isola di Nuraghi sont issus de cépages principalement français et espagnols comme le grenache (cannonau en Sardaigne), le carignan et le cabernet sauvignon. Les blancs, dont le fameux Vermentino di Garulla DOC, sont élaborés à partir de nasco, nuragus, et vernaccio di cristano.
Whether red, white or rosé, Sardinian wines are robust and structured. Reds such as IGT Isola di Nuraghi are made from mainly French and Spanish grape varieties such as Grenache (Cannonau in Sardinian), Carignan and Cabernet Sauvignon. The whites, including the famous Vermentino di Garulla DOC, are made from Nasco, Nuragus, and Vernaccio di Cristano.